Israel, being part of Asia in the Middle East, has many "Desert Dwellers" or "Bedouins" as they call themselves, in its desert lands.
Descended from Nomads who lived in the Arabian and Syrian deserts, the Bedouins are an Arab semi-nomadic ethnic group which is devided into many tribes or clans. They usually are seen herding camels and goats.
In modern days many Bedouins abandoned their nomadic and tribal style and started living an urban life, though they still retain traditional Bedouin concepts, such as: music, poetry, dancing etc.
Livestock and herding, principally of goats and dromedary camels comprised the traditional livelihoods of Bedouins. These two animals are used for meat, dairy products and wool. Most of the staple foods that made up the Bedouins' diet are dairy products.
Camels, in particular, have numerous cultural and functional uses. Having been regarded as a "gift from God", they are the main food source and method of transportation for many Bedouins. In addition to their extraordinary milking potentials under harsh desert conditions, their meat is occasionally consumed by Bedouins. As a cultural tradition, camel races are organized during celebratory occasions, such as weddings orreligious festivals.
Oral poetry is the most popular art form among Bedouins. Having a poet in one's tribe is highly regarded in society. In addition to serving as a form of art, poetry is used as a means of conveying information andsocial control.
Famously, Bedouin shepherds were the first to discover the Dead Sea Scrolls, a collection of Jewish texts from antiquity, in the Judean caves of Qumran in 1946. Of great religious, cultural, historical and linguistic significance, 972 texts were found over the following decade, many of whom were discovered by Bedouins